Christian FlickGraduate Student
Technische Universität Berlin
School VI: Planning Building Environment
Department of Sociology
Sekretariatszeichen FH 9-1
|Secr.:||+49 (0)H 9-1|
In Constant Tension between Markets and Movements. A Field-Theoretical Perspective on Peer-to-Peer Sharing
My dissertation project focusses on the complex interplay between the constitution of market actors and social movements in the case of peer-to-peer sharing.
Profit-oriented peer-to-peer sharing platforms have become dynamic and controversial actors in todays economy, operating in numerous economic sectors (such as accommodation, mobility, private gastronomy or gig working) both transnationally and locally. Private resources like apartments or cars, in the beginning of digital sharing used to provide alternatives to markets as in the case of Couchsurfing (as an alternative to hotel beds) or of the german platform Mitfahrgemeinschaft (as an alternative to for-profit car rentals), now have become market objects themselves. Instead of professional sellers, private individuals now commodify their own ressources, mediated by digital market organizers such as Airbnb or BlaBlaCar. At the same time, resemblances between profit-oriented and non-profit platforms quickly occur when looking at the organizational frames and structures: Both frame their practices by using similar non-market notions closely related to sharing as a „more social“ practice. Furthermore, both not only rely on platforms as their basic infrastructure, but in some cases make use of it to intermediate the same products and services.
Yet, something has changed in recent years. New non-profit platforms and networks have emerged to challenge what they see as „platform capitalism“. Trying to constitute themselves as a social movement and opposing both the term sharing economy and the profit-oriented practices involved, these platforms and networks frame themselves as „platform cooperatives“, aiming to transform alternatives in makets into alternatives to markets once again. This constant tension between the constitution of market actors and social movements, so I argue, needs further examination, guided by the key questions why emerging fields constitute themselves in a specific way and who is shaping the field on the basis of what resources.
2018||Research Fellow at the DFG
Graduiertenkolleg "Innovation Society Today", Department of
Sociology, Technische Universität Berlin |
Researcher at the Institut für Zukunftsstudien und
Technologiebewertung (IZT) Berlin|
Assistant at the Institut für Zukunftsstudien und
Technologiebewertung (IZT), Berlin|
Program Sozialwissenschaften, Humboldt-Universität zu
University of Copenhagen, Denmark|
Assistant at the Deutsches Institut für Urbanistik (DIFU), Public
Relations Department, Berlin|
Program Politikwissenschaften, University of
the Department of Sociology, University of
Flick, Christian and Henseling, Christine (2019): Plattformen des Peer-to-Peer Sharing, in: Behrendt, Siegfried; Henseling, Christine; Scholl, Gerd (eds.): Digitale Kultur des Teilens. Mit Sharing nachhaltiger Wirtschaften, Springer Gabler, Wiesbaden.
Behrendt, Siegfried; Henseling, Christine; Flick, Christian (2017): Zukunft des Peer-to-Peer Sharing. Schlüsselfaktoren, Szenarien und Herausforderungen, PeerSharing Arbeitsbericht 5, available under: https://www.peer-sharing.de/data/peersharing/user_upload/Dateien/PeerSharing_AP_5.pdf 
Gossen, Maike; Henseling, Christine; Bätzing, Maike und Flick, Christian (2016): Peer-to-Peer Sharing: Einschätzungen und Erfahrungen. Ergebnisse einer qualitativen Befragung, PeerSharing Arbeitsbericht 3, available under: http://www.peer-sharing.de/data/peersharing/user_upload/Dateien/PeerSharing_Ergebnispapier_Vorstudie.pdf 
Scholl, Gerd.; Behrendt, Siegfried.; Flick, Christian; Gossen, Maike.; Henseling, Christine.; Richter, Lydia (2015): Peer-to-Peer Sharing, Definition und Bestandsaufnahme PeerSharing Arbeitsbericht 1, available under: http://www.peer-sharing.de/data/peersharing/user_upload/Dateien/PeerSharing_Ergebnispapier.pdf