Via reflexivity from a model of success to a headache. Regulation approaches and competing impulses within the innovation field of the Energiewende. Case study to wind and solar energy from 2010.
By means of the Energiewende (energy transition) an innovation process was initiated, which lead to a diffusion of renewable energies (RE) into the German energy market, the environment and the societal perception. The decentral installation of wind and solar energy predominantly in combination with the needed grid expansion result in new challenges concerning planning, policy, society, socio-technical as well as economic aspects. These multiple fields make up the innovation field that is topic of this research project. Tying in with the published book “Innovationsbiographie der Erneuerbaren Energien”/ “Renewable Energies in Germany’s Electricity Market” of Bruns et al. (2008, 2011) the innovation process will be updated with this research. Therefore I will deliberately revent to the method used by the authors – the constellation analysis based on Schön et al. (2007). Additionally, the research will be enriched by applying path theory.
Within the broad society the Energiewende started off in 2011 in the context of the public demand for a nuclear power phase-out (subsequently the disaster in Fukushima) and the politic decision to turn off the last nuclear power plant by 2022 in combination with an enforced strenghthening of renewable energies. Along with a successful RE-development new challenges are evolving concerning politically designed and well planned steering mechanisms in order to guarantee a secure energy supply by organizing the decentralized energy sources within the energy grid. Besides that, issues of local acceptance have to be faced. Regarding those issues people/experts within the innovation field are talking of a second phase of the Energiewende. The innovation biography will be updated by another period of transition and in context of reflexive adjustments of frame conditions. Causes affecting the innovation development of the Energiewende (and the diffusion within the innovation society) will be analyzed based on the case study of the lately introduced (Jan. 2015 – based on the EEG 2014 amendments) pilot model for tendering of remunerations by photovoltaic open space installations. Based on these experiences models for the other REs will be designed and introduced. At these stage problems become apparent, that question the introduction of such a competitive model for defining remuneration for feeding energy into the grid (for instance concerning water and geothermal energy). Such a model is currently debated and the adjusted draft will be published at the beginning of 2016. For that reason, wind energy will be addressed just like PV in order to reveal reflexive processes of adjustments within the innovation filed. With this case study empiric and theoretic dimensions of the Energiewende will be discussed including environmentally/ politically fueled breaks within the innovation society.
Müller, J. M. (2018): Narrative im Innovationsgeschehen der Energiewende. In: Hergesell, J.; Maibaum, A.; Minnetian, C.; Sept, A. (Hg.): Innovationsphänomene. Modi und Effekte der Innovationsgesellschaft. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, S. 225-246.
Köppel, J.; Müller, J. M. (2015): Konzept zur systematischen Erforschung von Umwelt-, Gesundheits- und Akzeptanzaspekten beim Netz- und Speicherausbau. Gefördert durch das Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie.
Donner, J., Müller, J. M. and Köppel, J. (2015): Urban heat - towards adapted German cities?. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 17 (2): 1550020-1-17. DOI: 10.1142/S1464333215500209
“Managing the Energiewende – A Constellation Analysis of the Pumped Hydro Energy Storage Project Blautal”; Vortrag - ISSRM: 20th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management, Hannover, Germany vom 08.-13.06.2014
Research projects (completed):
• Windenergie in der Schweiz (http://www.umweltpruefung.tu-berlin.de/v_menue/forschung/beendete_projekte/windenergie_in_der_schweiz/  )
• Begleitforschung Netz- und Speicherausbau (http://www.umweltpruefung.tu-ber-lin.de/v_menue/forschung/beendete_projekte/begleitforschung_netz_und_speicherausbau/  )
• Urban Climate and Heat Stress (UCaHS) (http://www.umweltpruefung.tu-berlin.de/v_menue/forschung/laufende_projekte/urban_climate_and_heat_stress_ucahs/  ) (als studentische Mitarbeiterin)
• Young Cities - New Towns in Iran (http://www.umweltpruefung.tu-berlin.de/v_menue/forschung/beendete_projekte/young_cities_new_towns_in_iran/  ) (als studentische Mitarbeiterin)
SoSe 2015: Konstellationen der Umweltprüfung; Modul: UPWP14
SoSe 2014: Konstellationen der Umweltprüfung; Modul: UPWP14
|since 04/2015 ||PhD
student at the DFG Graduate School “Innovation Society Today: The
Reflexive Creation of Novelty” (TU Berlin)|
|02/2014 - 06/2015|| Academic research associate
("Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin") at the TU Berlin,
Environmental Assessment and Planning Research
|2011 - 2014|| Studies in Environmental
Planning (Master program) at the TU Berlin; Student
Research Assistant at the TU Berlin, Environmental Assessment and
Planning Research Group, Master Thesis: Managing the
Energiewende – A Constellation Analysis of the Pumped Hydro Energy
Storage Project Blautal|
3 month internship at the Landesumweltamt department of
technical environmental protection) in Potsdam
|2010 - 2011
||Semester abroad at Sheffield Hallam University,
2010||Tutor at the BTU (Brandenburgische
Technische Universität) Cottbus, Institut of Environmental
|2008 - 2011||Studies in
Environmental and Resource Management (Bachelor program of) at the BTU